The bailing pump also had to be sized to be about as long as the distance from the bottom of the boat to the chin of the paddler.
Names for the bailing tube varied from place to place and over time. The name puunpa-x^ appears to be an adaptation from the Russian word for pump. The Attuan names liivira-x^ and lliivri-x^ are derived from liv'er, the Russian word for siphon. The name chxuusi-x^ appears to be derived from chxu-x^, the name for sponge. This hints that the carved wooden tube is a late invention and that in the past, natural sea sponges were used to get water out of the bottom of kayaks.
|This bailing pump has a bottom and a top. We are looking at the bottom end here. Others were made so the top and bottom ends were both shaped the same way.|
|The mouth piece is to the right.|